But scientists say there could be worse around the corner.
There were more than 100 aftershocks, following the quake, but a study has shown there remains in the ground enough pent-up energy to cause another of a similar strength.
Scientists have found that the Himalayan region’s fault lines have not moved since 2015, meaning they are locked, accumulating further strain.
The study, to understand the aftermath of last year’s earthquake and vulnerability of the region, said strain built up in the region’s faults, could bring worse damage, if released quickly.
More than 8,000 people died and countless buildings were destroyed during the natural disaster.
They found that there had been 2.75 inches of afterslip north of the rupture and about 1 inch of afterslip to the south of the rupture.
But scientists reveal that there may be about 3.5 metres worth of strain built into this fault, which the post-earthquake movements did nothing to reduce.
An afterslip appears on the fault following the earthquake and increases the strain that loads the adjacent faults. There was a clear lack of afterslip. That has implications for future great earthquakes, which can tap into this stored strain.
CIRES fellow Roger Bilham, a co-author on the study and professor of geological sciences, observed the fault zone after taking a helicopter flight over the area following the quake.
The study further highlighted that historical earthquakes in the region in 1803, 1833, 1905 and 1947 also failed to rupture the surface of the Himalayan frontal faults and they, too, experienced a lack of large subsequent earthquakes.
The team’s research shows there’s significant strain throughout the region.
“The entire Himalayan arc may host dozens of pockets of strain energy awaiting release in future great earthquakes.”
CP Rajendran, a paleo-seismologist at the Bengaluru-based Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, said: “The question is what will be the implications of this 2015 earthquake-generated unspent strain added onto the already existing accumulated strain in the Himalaya.
“Certainly this means that the central Himalaya is getting extremely prime for a big event.”
Mr Rajendran said to be more definitive, more understanding is needed about how such strain gets partitioned into various structures.
He said: “That said, all these studies agree that the unspent strain is fast building up in the Himalaya, raising our concern on impending big earthquakes.”